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Earthquake and Volcanoes Previous year Questions of CDSE Exam

SSBInsights Team
11 Nov 2017


1997 II

1                    The volcano, Vesuvius lies in

(a) Columbia   (b) Indonesia   (c) Italy           (d) Japan

1998 I

1                    Mountain Building according to Plate Tectonic Theory is attributed to

(a) circular movement of the plates                 (b) horizontal movement of the plates           

(c) vertical movement of the plates                 (d) static position of the plates

1999 II

1          Volcanoes and Earthquakes world locations

2002 II

1          The volcano Mt Vesuvius is in

            (a) Indonesia               (b) Italy                       (c) Mexico       (d) Philippines


2          Which one of the following is NOT the area of seismic activity?

            (a) Circum-Atlantic Ocean                  (b) Circum-Pacific Ocean       (c) Circum-Indian Ocean

            (d) Mid-Atlantic Ocean

2003 II

1          Rift valley and Horst are the results of

            (a) faulting      (b) folding       (c) mass movement     (d) wrapping

2004 I

1          A valley with steep parallel walls along the fault lines, formed by the subsidence of the part of  the earth’s crust is known as:

            (a) Hanging valley       (b) Gorge         (c) Canyon      (d) Rift valley

2010 I

1          Match List I (Sphere of the earth) with List II (Main constituents of the sphere) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:

                        List I                           ListII

            A  Lithosphere                                    1  Living objects

            B  Hydrosphere                                  2  Mixture of gases

            C Atmosphere                         3  Water

            D  Biosphere                           4  Soil

Codes  A         B         C         D 

(a)        1          2          3          4

(b)        4          3          2          1

(c)        4          2          3          1

(d)       1          3          2          4


2                    An earthquake epicenter is the

(a)    Point where seismograph is located

(b)   Point within the earth where the movement along the fault occurs

(c)    Approximate center of a group of related earthquakes

(d)   point on the surface directly above where the rupture along the fault zone occurs


3                    Tsunamis are NOT caused by

(a) Hurricanes  (b) earthquakes            (c) undersea landslides            (d) volcanic eruptions

2011 I

1          In the interior of the earth

            (a) the temperature falls with increasing depth           (b) the pressure falls with increasing depth

            (c) the temperature rises with increasing depth          (d) both temperature and pressure fall with increasing depth


2          Why do Fold Mountains have enormous thickness of sedimentary rocks?

            (a) due to deposition of sediments in a valley for millions of years  

(b)due to accumulation of sediments in a geosynclines

(c) the plains were folded into mountains

(d) the sediments were folded into recumbent and nappe folds


3          Which one among the following best explains the reason for the eastern and western boundaries of the Pacific Ocean experiencing frequent earthquakes?

            (a) There are deep ocean trenches along these margins

            (b) High mountain stretch along the continental margins adjacent to this ocean

            (c) The currents of the vast Pacific Ocean continue to dash against the continental margins

            (d) These margins coincide with plate margins

2012 I

1          Which one among the following is NOT correct regarding Tsunami?

            (a) Tsunamis have a very long wave length.

            (b) Tsunamis have a slight swell of about 12 inches above the normal sea surface

            (c) Tsunamis grow in height when they reach shallow waters

            (d) Tides also play an important role in the generation of Tsunamis

2013 II

1          Composite volcanic cone is also called strata cone because of the:

            (a) alternating sheets of lava and pyroclastic materials                       (b) uneven streams of lava flow

            (c) cataclysmic eruption                                                          (d) eruption of lava flow from a fissure

2014 I

1          Which of the following is/are direct source(s) of information about the interior of the earth?

            1 Earthquake waves    2 Volcano        3 Gravitational force   4 Earth magnetism

            Select the correct answer using the code given below

            (a) 1 and 2 only                       (b) 2 only         (c) 3 and 4 only                       (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


2          Which of the following statements relating to earthquakes is/are correct?

            1 The point of origin of an earthquake is called epicenter

            2 The lines joining the places which were affected by the earthquake at the same point of time are called             homosiesmal lines

            Select the correct answer using the code given below

            (a) 1 only         (b) 2 only         (c) Both 1 and 2                      (d) neither 1 nor 2

2014 II

1          Plate tectonics is a scientific theory that describes the large scale movements of Earth’s lithosphere. Which one among the following statements regarding Plate tectonics is NOT correct?

            (a) Tectonic plates are composed of Oceanic lithosphere and thicker Continental lithosphere

            (b) Tectonic plates are able to move because the Earth’s lithosphere has higher strength than the underlying             Asthenosphere

            (c) The Earth’s lithosphere is broken up into Tectonic plates

            (d) Along divergent plate boundaries, subduction carries the plates into the mantle


2          Statement I  A tsunami is a series of water waves caused by displacement of a large volume of water of an             ocean

            Statement II A tsunami can be generated when thrust faults associated with convergent or destructive plate             boundaries move abruptly

            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)

2015 I

1          Seismic Gaps are

            (a) parts of plate boundaries in oceans where tsunamis occur frequently

            (b) sections of plate boundaries that have ruptured repeatedly in the recent past

            (c) sections of plate boundaries that have not ruptured in the recent past

            (d) plate boundaries having no volcanic activities

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