Want to share your experience? Share here



Important points of Minerals for Geography


SSBInsights Team
10 Nov 2017
exams

Coal Reseves

(Million tonnes)

State

Proved

Indicated

Inferred

Total

Total

125909

142506

33149

301564

West Bengal

13403

13022

4893

31318

Jharkhand

41377

32780

6559

80716

Bihar

0

0

160

160

Madhya Pradesh

10411

12382

2879

25673

Chhattisgarh

16052

33253

3228

52533

Uttar Pradesh

884

178

0

1062

Maharashtra

5667

3186

2110

10964

Odisha

27791

37873

9408

75073

Andhra Pradesh

9729

9670

3068

22468

Assam

465

47

3

515

Sikkim

0

58

43

101

Arunachal Pradesh

31

40

19

90

Meghalaya

89

17

471

576

Nagaland

9

0

307

315

Total

125909

142506

33149

301564

 

Important Coalfields Statewise

Jharkhand                    Ramgarh, Giridhi, Karnpura and Bokaro

West Bengal                Araniganj and Jharia

MP                              Mohpani and Singruli

Chhattisgarh                Sohagpur and Korba

Maharashtra                Penc-Kanhan area in Wardha valley and Chadrapur district, Kamptee.

Tamilnadu                   Neyveli

Telangana                                Singareni

Gujarat                                    Umarsar

Orissa                          Himgiri

Assam                                      Makum, Nazira, Mikir Hills

Meghalaya                   West Darrangiri, Langrin and Bapung

Arunachal Pradesh      Namchik 

Nagaland                     Borjan

OIL REFINERIES

Mumbai-                      2

Mangalore                   1

 Kochi                         1

 Chennai                      1 (Manali Oil Refinery)

 Vishakhapattanam     1

 Haldia                        1

Nagapattanam             1         

Digboi                         1(the oldest oil refinery in India)

Guwahati                    1

Bongaigaon (Assam)   1

Kayali (Gujarat)          1 (the biggest refinery in India).

Baruni                         1

Mathura                       1

Panipat                                    1

Numaligarh(Assam)    1

Tatipaka (A P)             1

Jamnagar                     1 Established by Reliance Oil. Can refine most crude type of oil.

Vadinar (Gujrat)         1 under commissioning by Essar Group

 

D.R. Khullar identifies five mineral 'belts' in the country:

 

North Eastern Peninsular Belt: Chota Nagpur plateau and the Orissa plateau covering the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa. Coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, copper, chromite, etc, It is also called the mineral heartland of India

 

Central Belt: Chattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharastra. Manganese, bauxite, uranium, limestone, marble, coal, gems, mica, graphite etc.

 

Southern Belt: Karnataka plateau and Tamil Nadu. Ferrous minerals and bauxite.

 

South Western Belt: Karnataka and Goa. Iron ore.

 

North Western Belt:  Rajasthan and Gujarat along the Aravali Range. Non-ferrous minerals, uranium, mica, petroleum, gypsum etc.

 

For coal distribution purposes, India's geographical land area can be classified into Deccan trap, Gondwana and Vindhyan. The Deccan Trap covers almost all of Maharashtra, a part of Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh marginally. Large amount of coal expected here is yet to be estimated. The Gondwana and Vindhyan include within fold parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand.

Coal Character

Gondwana coal

Rank Bituminous to sub-bituminous

Character Moderate to High in Ash and Low in Sulphur

 

Tertiary coal Rank Meta and Ortholignitous

Character High in Sulphur ; Strongly caking to non-caking

 

Lignite Character High in Moisture and Volatile Matter

 

India produces third quarters of the world's mica and thus ranks first in the production of mica in the world. It is the biggest producer of sheet mica in the world. This type of mica is also called Potassium Mica and is the best variety available in the world. Belts of high quality mica are Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra and Rajasthan. Out of the total production in the country more than half comes from Bihar and Jharkhand.

Gypsum is found in sedimentary rocks. Main reserves are in Rajasthan. About 75% of the total production in India comes from Bikaner, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur districts of Rajasthan. Next largest reserves are in J&K. It is used in manufacture of cement and POP etc.

Limestone is found in large quantities in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Orissa and Karnataka. It is used in manufacture of cement, as a base for road construction and as building material.

 

Diamond The Panna diamond belt is the only diamond producing area in the country, which covers the districts of Panna, Chatarpur and Satna in Madya Pradesh, as well as some parts of Banda in Uttar Pradesh.

 

Monazite is found along the coast of Kerala and Tamil Nadu Atomic energy mineral Thorium is found in monazite. (India, Madagascar, and South Africa have large deposits of monazite sands. The deposits in India are particularly rich in monazite.)

 

Uranium is found in west Singbhum (Chaibasa) district of Jharkhand and in Himachal Pradesh.

 

Asbestos Rajasthan is the largest producer. Other areas are Karnatak and Bihar.

 

Dolomite about 92 per cent reserves is distributed in seven states- Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Gujarat, Karnataka, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. It is used as an ornamental stone and as a concrete aggregate.

 

 

" data-numposts="5">

SSB Interview: The Complete Guide - by Cdr N K Natarajan


Pathfinder CDS Examination Conducted by UPSC


AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) 2018


Pathfinder for NDA & NA Examination by UPSC


Objective General English for NDA , CDSE , AFCAT



Subscribe for Latest Notifications Subscribe






















Load More