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Notes on National Highways for UPSC Exams


SSBInsights Team
10 Nov 2017
exams

Notes Highways

The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is the nodal agency responsible for building, upgrading and maintaining most of the national highways network. It operates under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. The National Highways Development Project (NHDP) is a major effort to expand and upgrade the network of highways. NHAI often uses a public-private partnership model for highway development, maintenance and toll collection.

Under former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee India launched a massive programme of highway upgrades, called the National Highways Development Project (NHDP), in which the main north-south and east-west connecting corridors and highways connecting the four metropolitan cities (Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata) have been fully paved and widened into four-lane highways.

The Grand Trunk Road (abbreviated to GT Road in common usage) is one of South Asia's oldest and longest major roads. For several centuries, it has linked the eastern and western regions of the Indian subcontinent, running from what is now Pakistan, across north India, into Bagla Desh. It starts from Peshawar in Pakistan and passes through Attock, Rawalpindi and Lahore before entering India at Wagah. Within India, it passes through Amritsar, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Delhi, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Asansol and Kolkata. It then enters Bangladesh and ends at Sonargaon. Within India, the major portion of the road, the stretch between Kolkata and Kanpur, is known as NH-2 (National Highway - 2), the stretch between Kanpur and Delhi is called NH-91 and that between Delhi and Wagah, at the border with Pakistan, is known as NH1

New numbering system Presently the NH numbers do not give their geographical location like postal pin codes. Efforts are now on to renumber the NHs. In the new system all North-South highways will have EVEN numbers, and East-West one ODD numbers. For North-South highways numbers will increase from East to West and for East-West highways from North to South. Three digit highways will be branches of main highways.

Inland Waterways Authority of India  (IWAI) was created by Indian Government on 27 October 1986 for development and regulation of Inland Waterways for shipping and navigation. The Authority primarily undertakes projects for development and maintenance of Inland Waterway Terminal infrastructure on National Waterways through grant received from Ministry of Shipping. The head office is at Noida. The Authority also has its regional offices at Patna, Kolkata, Guwahati and Kochi and sub-offices at Allahabad, Varanasi, Bhagalpur, Farrakka and Kollam.

 

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